Privacy and cookies policy

Information about our use of cookies

The law requires that we obtain your consent to use or store certain cookies on your computer or device.

Vanguard Asset Management, Limited uses cookies which are essential to make this website work to: distinguish you from other users of our website; obtain information about your general internet usage; remember your preferences; and for purposes of systems administration and statistical analysis. The information we gain from these cookies does not identify you personally. It helps us to provide you with a good experience when you browse our website and also allows us to improve our site.

This cookie policy provides you with detailed information about the types of cookies we use and the purposes for using those cookies. This policy does not govern the use of our websites for The Vanguard Group's U.S. investors. To review the privacy policy that applies to U.S. customers of Vanguard, please click on the following link:

Your acceptance of cookies is limited to this website only and does not apply to

For further information about this policy, please contact: Vanguard asset Management, Limited at:

What is a cookie?

A cookie is a small file of letters and numbers that is stored on your web browser or the hard drive of your computer. Cookies contain information that is transferred to your computer's hard drive.

What cookies do we use and why? The cookies used on our site are categorized as follows:

Strictly Necessary

'Strictly Necessary' cookies let you enter and move around the website and use essential features. Without these cookies, services and information you have asked for cannot be provided. We use these Strictly Necessary cookies primarily to identify you as having confirmed your eligibility to enter and use our website, and to make sure you connect to the right service on our website when we make any changes to the way the website works. Accepting these cookies is a condition of using the website, so if you prevent these cookies, we can't guarantee your use of our website or how the security on our website will perform during your visit.


'Performance' cookies collect information about how you use our website, such as which pages you visit and any errors you experience. These cookies do not collect any information that could identify you and are only used to help us improve how our website works and understand what interests our users. We use performance cookies for:

•    Analytics, to provide statistics on how our website is used.
•    Error management, to help us improve the website by measuring any errors that occur.
•    Design testing, to test different designs of our website to improve the users' experience.

Some of our performance cookies are managed for us by third parties. However, we don't allow the third party to use the cookies for any purpose other than those listed above.


'Functionality' cookies help to provide services or to remember settings to improve your visit. We use Functionality cookies primarily to identify whether and when you've visited our site previously. Some of these cookies are managed for us by third parties, but we don't allow the third party to use the cookies for any purpose other than those listed above.

How to withdraw your consent or delete or block our cookies?

You can change your cookie preferences by activating the setting on your web browser that allows you to delete or refuse the setting of cookies. Once you have changed the settings on your web browser, you will be presented with the consent option again the next time you visit our website. For further information about deleting or blocking cookies, please visit: